高级检索
宋凤麒, 戴庆. 原子制造:物质科学的未来技术[J]. 物理, 2023, 52(6): 371-380. DOI: 10.7693/wl20230601
引用本文: 宋凤麒, 戴庆. 原子制造:物质科学的未来技术[J]. 物理, 2023, 52(6): 371-380. DOI: 10.7693/wl20230601
SONG Feng-Qi, DAI Qing. Atom manufacturing:a future technique of physical sciences[J]. PHYSICS, 2023, 52(6): 371-380. DOI: 10.7693/wl20230601
Citation: SONG Feng-Qi, DAI Qing. Atom manufacturing:a future technique of physical sciences[J]. PHYSICS, 2023, 52(6): 371-380. DOI: 10.7693/wl20230601

原子制造:物质科学的未来技术

Atom manufacturing:a future technique of physical sciences

  • 摘要: 原子是物质世界中最基本的构成单元。原子制造通过精确操纵原子及功能基元来从最底层创造全新的物质、材料和器件,并构建具有革命性能的装备和系统。原子制造既是先进制造技术的极致化,也是量子理论的试验场,还是物质科学的未来技术,甚至未来态。文章以团簇束流、扫描隧道显微镜、原子级多层异质结以及其他单原子体系为例,介绍原子精准操控技术及其放大和集成,并探讨了原子制造在物质科学中的发展意义和未来前景。

     

    Abstract: Atoms are one of the most fundamental building blocks of the known physical world. Precise manipulation of atoms enables the creation of entirely new materials from the bottom up, leading to the construction of devices and systems with disruptive performance. Therefore, atom manufacturing is not only the ultimate capability pursued by the manufacturing technologies, but also a playground of atomic scale quantum theory, and a future technology, even the future state of physical sciences. This article briefly introduces the technology of atomically precise manipulation and its amplification and integration using atomic cluster beam, scanning tunneling microscopy, atomic-layer heterostructures, and other single-atom systems as examples, and explores the significance and future prospects of atom manufacturing.

     

/

返回文章
返回