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王聪, 程志海, 季威. 原子制造中的物质间相互作用基础:现状、前景和挑战[J]. 物理, 2023, 52(6): 381-393. DOI: 10.7693/wl20230602
引用本文: 王聪, 程志海, 季威. 原子制造中的物质间相互作用基础:现状、前景和挑战[J]. 物理, 2023, 52(6): 381-393. DOI: 10.7693/wl20230602
WANG Cong, CHENG Zhi-Hai, JI Wei. Intermaterial interactions in atom manufacturing: current status, futures and challenges[J]. PHYSICS, 2023, 52(6): 381-393. DOI: 10.7693/wl20230602
Citation: WANG Cong, CHENG Zhi-Hai, JI Wei. Intermaterial interactions in atom manufacturing: current status, futures and challenges[J]. PHYSICS, 2023, 52(6): 381-393. DOI: 10.7693/wl20230602

原子制造中的物质间相互作用基础:现状、前景和挑战

Intermaterial interactions in atom manufacturing: current status, futures and challenges

  • 摘要: 材料是支撑人类文明大厦的基石,历史中材料制造加工技术的突破不断推动人类文明变革。“自上而下”地提高制造和加工精度,控制和利用原子特性“自下而上”地创制新材料,这两条技术路线共同指向了一种未来制造方式——原子制造。物质间相互作用是控制原子行为和特征进而实现原子制造的基础。文章围绕原子制造中可能涉及的物质间相互作用规律及其在原子制造中的潜在应用,首先介绍了如何实现单原子的探测与控制,进而着重探讨控制原子行为和特征到创制新材料、构筑超原子新结构的研究进展,最后就原子制造中的机遇与面临的挑战进行了展望。

     

    Abstract: Materials are the cornerstone of human civilization. Breakthroughs in material manufacturing and processing technology in history have continuously pushed human civilization transformation. The "top-down" improvement of manufacturing and processing precision and the "bottom-up" creation of new materials based on controlling and utilizing atomic characteristics jointly point to a future manufacturing mode —— atom manufacturing. Therefore, in view of the possible interactions and their applications in atom manufacturing, this paper will briefly describe the control of single atoms to create new materials and new superatom structures, and will also discuss the opportunities and challenges of atom manufacturing.

     

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